Amazing visit at kutch
Name: ketan jailkar (GIT, ratnagiri)
Description of the field :
Name of field: rann of Kutch, Kharaghota.
we have visited field of the salt farmer. There village named as Kharaghota. There we observed that the villagers or a salt farmers formally known as agarias in there local word, used to stay at rann for the salt farming normally for the 8 moths and remaining 4 month they use to stay at there home which is in the village. So apart from that some farmers are doing farming of we Eranda and sesame. The area of rann of Kutch is 4953.70 sq.km.
General introduction :
The kharaghoda (visited place) 102km away from Ahmedabad basically known for the Agarias (the salt farmers) and the farmers who are doing farming apart from salt like Eranda and sesame. The framers from that village they have only one income source that is salt farming for that 8 month (season of salt farming) and remaining 4 month some of them used to do hard work at the salt packaging factory and others depend on the earnings of that last 8 months. The agarias farm usually far (usually 30 to 40 km) away from their village so they use to stay at the working field for 8 moths by making temporary houses there, and they used to migrate at the rann with there whole family including their kids.
The temperature at the areas of rann is between 45°c to 50°c and the Humidity is about 66% and the speed of wind is about 21km/hr. Before we reached there we accepted totally different situation like the farmers are happy with there work but when we reached there and we did the survey we observed that they are having so many problems regarding to their work and they are not that much happy about there earnings. Before reaching there I thought that the people from the villages or that rann are using the latest equipment about their work but we observed that there is no equipment which can make their work efficient, faster and with minimum efforts, they are using old technique to solve problems they are getting while they working at farm. We notice that the government provides them facilities about the energy required for making bore, like solar system and the diesel generator with the subsidy that’s the plus point for the farmers. Otherwise they are using that old technique which are used by their old generations. So the this are what we observed.
Field 1- Kharaghoda village.
So we had started journey from the Ahmedabad on 1 June 2019 at 7 am. We reached at village named as kharaghoda . We held meeting at the temple outside the village and we meet some salt farmers out there, so we had discussion with them they told us about how they do the salt farming and how they do things to live. So as per they told they are having a salt farm 30 to 40km away from there village so they used to stay at the field for there’s farming period and they left the village with their whole family with their kids. They told us that after bored the well they getting problem of the toxic gas which can heart them so this is the problem for them they won’t able to predict that the gas is present in well or not so they use the old technique to detect gas like the use some cloth and fire it and throw it into the well if the cloth reached at bottom of well and keep burning it means there is no gas otherwise they conclude that there is a gas on vice-versa condition. Another technique they used that in the well there is the pigeons make there nest in the well they observed that pigeons are live or not and they conclude as per the pigeons condition but they face big problem while they are digging well after 4 moths they are not that much able to get out that from that well so sometimes the farmers won’t able to get out from he well after noticed that there is a gas and they died, and get serious injured so this is the biggest problem they told us.
Field 2- SETU CHARITABLE TRUST- Arogya kendra
After the village we went to the SETU CHARITABLE TRUST - Arogya kendra which is near from the Kharaghoda so we meet to Ambu Bhai there after discussion with them we come to know that they are working for people or that farmers about there health issues. So they are having the center near the Kharaghoda village, the farmers used to go there for health check up and injuries. That trust also have the mobile van for the Villagers those who are not able to reach there SETU center. So in their van there is setup about the doctor can talk to the patients live and advise them what medicines they have to take regarding to their health issues, so for that communication they implemented the transmitter tower at their SETU Kendra and also implement the receiver at the different villages they are visiting for checkup, so because of the issues from government they are not permitted to implement receiving tower in rann so salt Farmer has to come in the village by travelling 30 to 40 km for health issues. So that problem is facing by salt farmers.
Field 2- At salt Farm
So after visiting SETU we went to the salt farm of one of the agarias partially 16km away his house. At that we observed lots of things like well, salt farm, equipment used for digging and taking out salt water from the well, we also saw the energy source for the equipment like solar panel and the diesel electricity generator, so the farmers having 1 hp electric motor to take water from that well and we observed that they made temporary house out there to stay, they dig well with diameter about 1.5 mtr to 2 mtr and 20 ft deep and make bore about 4 to 5 inch of diameter and 30 ft deep . We also observed that they took water from well and make path for that water until it evaporate and make a salt. So we asked them how the salt is make, what is procedure so they replied as follow
• The water temperature at 9°c to 22°c it makes gypsum.
• The water temperature at 22°c to 22°c the salt is coming out.
• And the 28°c and above it makes magnesia and bromine.
Field 1- salt farms visit
So the next day we had visited the other agarias farm in witch the first one was locally named as chamunda and second was naranpura which are 17 and 19km away from the Kharaghoda respectively. So there we observed same farms like the yesterday’s one. We saw the same equipments, energy sources, at there we found the one not used well and inside that the pigeon was there. While traveling we found the source of the drinking water it found after boring deep into land.
After that we did survey into the village and ask some questions to the agarias and his family they said that they went to do the salt farming for 8 month with there's family and at there they faced more problems like they buy the water for drinking as 20 ltr for 4 rps. They use water like that we put oil onto our head, so they have to use it very efficiently. And they said that they don’t bath for many days because of lack of water so sometimes they suffer from skin diseases and many other health issues. And also they are getting problem while making bore they randomly choose the place to bore they put this on to their luck, so sometime they get water or sometime they not. Farmers sold salt 0.25 rps per kg so this is not that much earnings for them they told us. So that’s all people response to us.
From above we conclude that the salt farmers facing many problems, government not giving them more facilities regarding to there work and staying facilities. And overall it is need to improve the way of working in farm.