Subject: Affordable houses for Salt Farmers of Kutch
Location of the field: Kharaghoda Village
Date: 1 & 2 June
Field coordinater:alzubair sir
Prepared by : Keyur Kanjariya
:: Description of the field ::
On 1st and 2nd June we visited a village named Kharaghoda, which is located 102km away from Ahmedabad. The most of the villagers do salt farming.
At first we talked to people of Kharaghoda village and then visited the desert, where some of the family still there for salt farming. Kharaghoda village is one of the 5 main villages Nava Kharaghoda, Juna Kharaghoda, Naranpura and Odu. Actually they have common High School.
:: Observations at Kharaghoda ::
Our problem is Low Cost Housing for salt farmers. So we talked to some Agariyas of Kharaghoda. We asked about their work, what do they actually do? And Main process of salt making. Actually I never saw salt making process and I was curious to know about it, we talked about other things too, not only Housing.
So, I’m just going to list the observations that we noticed at field visit:
They start their work in tenth month(Gujrati) which is “Aso”.
Agariya works continuously about 8 to 10 months in the desert in high temperature.
They work with full family, first of all they make a temporary house with using,
They use cotton rope to bind the wood which is called “Sindhari” in Gujrati.
First of all, I thought there will be no facilities of electricity but actually they have their own Generator to produce electricity and also pump out of the water from well.
They use tractor to transport all the stuff they need in the desert from the village. They spend about 3000 INR to transport the stuffs from village.
Government provides water after land gets dry, tanker cannot travel in the muddy soil. So, salt farmers have to take water for use until government provides tankers. The price of the water is 1INR for 1 Lit water.
They were saying that they spend about 13 to 15 thousand INR per month for Food.
After completion of the salt farming they do not do any other work
Most of the peoples salt farm were 20 to 25 km away from their home.
I thought there will be no education facilities in the desert but, they construct temporary school, and teachers travel there to give education to students. I never knew about it and it was so amazing.
This is the picture of the Temporary House of the Agariya that we visited.
The average cost of the house is about 5000 INR, it is the average amount because farmers make house as per their requirements like big family will need bigger house and small family will need small house.
3 to 4 days is enough to make hut.
Salt farmers spend their remaining time in marriage, family matters, goes for vacations etc.etc. in short their main work is salt farming only.
Abandoned Home Binding using jute rope
Full structure of House (wooden)
Dimensions of the Home:
Spacing between two bamboo strips: 2’ (it was uneven, but in between 1.5 to 2 ft)
Horizontal Spacing: 2’5’’
They use Generator to produce electricity, they use crude oil as fuel in generator. The price of the crude oil is 12,800 per 200 lit.
Generator, used for pumping out water from well and produce electricity
No toilet facilities only bathroom
Rain water, leakage problems, sometimes water gets in to house
They used to cut wood from forest and use them but now they can not because of forest department.
Salt farmers use Solar at day and generator at night.