• lgautam

A visit to Kutch


Introduction: Kharaghoda is a village in Surendranagar district in Gujrat. It has a population of approx. 12500 with almost 85 percent of Agariyas. Most of the Agariyas are engaged in salt farming for their living. The people have transportation facilities and are well connected with the town through roads and railways lines. Kharaghoda has 4 schools, 1 hospital, 1 Setu Aarogya Kendra and also the Hindustan salt limited located in it.

Proceedings:

· The team left Knowledge Consortium of Gujarat at 7:00 AM and reached Kharaghoda by 12:00 PM.

· After reaching Kharaghoda team stopped at a temple and had a discussion with Agariya people regarding salt farming.

· They briefed about the process of moving to Rann and the whole process of salt farming. The details are as follows:

o As the rainy season ends, they pack their bags and move to the farms in the Kutch. They carry all the necessary things including household needs, food items, tanks filled with potable water and raw material to prepare the house.

o According to them, transportation cost varies from Rs.2500-5000 depending upon the size of the family.

o It takes 3-4 days to prepare the house. They use wood of Nilgiri, saag and babul for the base structure and Bamboo for the rooftop. It costs approximately Rs.5000-9000 depending upon the size of the house.

o Then they dig the well and make the salt pans. They remove the duct of cloth from the pipe which they had used to close the pipe at the end of the season.

o They use traditional Chulha to cook their food and it is placed in one corner inside the house.

o They use crude oil to operate their machine used in salt farming. Although the way has changed now, day time they use solar energy and in the night they operate the machines with crude oil.

· Then the team moved to another site i.e salt farm in Rann of Kutch.

· At the salt farm, the team met Mr Bhopa Bhai. Bhopa Bhai briefed about the complete process of salt farming. He showed the well and salt pans also the different instruments used in salt farming. The details can be briefed as follows:

o Pumped water has a temperature of 9-10 degree centigrade. When the pumped water passes through the different pans then the temperature increases.

o The pumped water has bromine water, magnesia water and the salt water in it.

o The quality of salt form also depends on the degree of the pumped water.

· Team also visited their house. Its structure was made up of Nilgiri and bamboo and has been covered by the plastic packets.

· After visiting the salt farm, the team visited a factory which makes magnesium chloride fertilizer using the magnesia water.

· They collect the magnesia water from the different salt farm. Then the magnesia water is heated to raise the temperature in 3 different containers. Then it is crystalized to make fertilizer by sudden cooling roller.

· The team visited 3 different sites i.e Kharagoda, Salt farm, SETU Aarogya Kendra and Magnesium Chloride factory respectively. The team stayed for the rest at Gantar.

· Next day the team went to visit different farms in the Rann. The team observed the housing at different farms and made the following conclusions:

o They prepare the floor using the mud that is taken out from the well and then they coat the floor with the excrete of ass to provide the strength to the floor.

o They use traditional chulhas made up of mud. Also the use a thick wall covering around the chulha to protect them from fire hazards.

o They use metal hooks to hang the things inside the house.

o They made partitions in the house like different space for storage, kitchen and rooms.

o They use mud bricks to make the mud walls. Support beams are of Y structure to support the beam in a better manner.

o Some connections were inefficient that leads to a weak structure.

o They had shelves or stands to keep the things on it.

o They use wood pins to keep the cover tight.

o They had toilets outside the house but not a hygienic one.

· After that team visited the temple of Varchharaj Dada at Jhinjhwada. It was the place covered with greenery in that dry land of Kutch. The team observed the culture they have maintained because it is necessary to know their culture before finding solutions to the problem.

· Then the team went back to Kharaghoda. Stayed at the temple and had rest for some time.

· The team got divided into sub-teams and had the survey of the Agariya people living the Kharaghoda.

· The observations made from the survey can be summarised as follows:

o The salt farms are at a distance of 15-30 kilometers.

o They use Nilgiri, saag and babul wood to make the structure. One Column of Nilgiri wood cost approximately 60 rupees.

o They bought the plastic and jute bags to make the covering for the rooftop. One jute bag costs 15-20 rupees and the cost of a complete house varies from Rs.5000-9000.

o They use the machine which requires crude oil to operate. Cost of the one crude oil barrel of 200 Kg is approx. 13000. They use 10 such barrel for a season.

o Cost of personal transport is approx. 1000 in a month.

o They have schools in Rann for their children but the teachers do not come regularly to teach the children.

o They do not make the proper ventilation holes to restrict the dust to enter through the holes.

o They are unseasonal rains but they don’t have proper safety from unseasonal rains and sand storms.

o They generally don’t have a distribution of work among themselves.

o Most of the farmers move to Kutch along with their family.

o Some of them work as labor on the farm of others and get a wage of Rs 3000 per month.

Problems encountered:

· Housing

o They use wood of Nilgiri, Saag, Babul and Bamboo according to availability and the financial background of family.

o Poor structure is not stable during the sand storm and unseasonal rains.

o Their house can catch fire because they made the chulha inside the house and they don’t have any precautions for protection from fire.

o They don’t use ventilations because the dust can enter through the holes.

o According to them, they don’t feel any such heat problem. They are habitual to the conditions but still, they don’t have any cooling facility in their houses.

· Purified and cooled water

o They use to drink the water supplied by the government continuously for almost 15-20 days.

· Brine detection Machine

o Sometimes they fail to detect the correct location for the well to dig.

· Toilets problem

o They do not have toilet facilities. They use to go in open for

· Energy problem

o They use crude oil to operate the machines. One tank of crude oil costs Rs13000 and they use 10 such tanks every season. Although they have started using solar panels still it is a big issue because solar panel works in the day time only.

Research to be done:

· For the water purification, can we condense the water that evaporates from the salt pans? We would get distilled water but minerals can be easily added to the distilled water

· Mica is the crystal type of material. It is found in the mud during the digging of well. Can it be used to provide cooling inside the houses?

· Can Jhhipta be used to provide a cooling effect in the houses? As it can absorb water and may maintain the moisture in the environment inside the house?

Report of the Visit to Rann of Kutch

Submitted by: LALIT GAUTAM

Introduction: Kharaghoda is a village in Surendranagar district in Gujrat. It has a population of approx. 12500 with almost 85 percent of Agariyas. Most of the Agariyas are engaged in salt farming for their living. The people have transportation facilities and are well connected with the town through roads and railways lines. Kharaghoda has 4 schools, 1 hospital, 1 Setu Aarogya Kendra and also the Hindustan salt limited located in it.

Proceedings:

· The team left Knowledge Consortium of Gujarat at 7:00 AM and reached Kharaghoda by 12:00 PM.

· After reaching Kharaghoda team stopped at a temple and had a discussion with Agariya people regarding salt farming.

· They briefed about the process of moving to Rann and the whole process of salt farming. The details are as follows:

o As the rainy season ends, they pack their bags and move to the farms in the Kutch. They carry all the necessary things including household needs, food items, tanks filled with potable water and raw material to prepare the house.

o According to them, transportation cost varies from Rs.2500-5000 depending upon the size of the family.

o It takes 3-4 days to prepare the house. They use wood of Nilgiri, saag and babul for the base structure and Bamboo for the rooftop. It costs approximately Rs.5000-9000 depending upon the size of the house.

o Then they dig the well and make the salt pans. They remove the duct of cloth from the pipe which they had used to close the pipe at the end of the season.

o They use traditional Chulha to cook their food and it is placed in one corner inside the house.

o They use crude oil to operate their machine used in salt farming. Although the way has changed now, day time they use solar energy and in the night they operate the machines with crude oil.

· Then the team moved to another site i.e salt farm in Rann of Kutch.

· At the salt farm, the team met Mr Bhopa Bhai. Bhopa Bhai briefed about the complete process of salt farming. He showed the well and salt pans also the different instruments used in salt farming. The details can be briefed as follows:

o Pumped water has a temperature of 9-10 degree centigrade. When the pumped water passes through the different pans then the temperature increases.

o The pumped water has bromine water, magnesia water and the salt water in it.

o The quality of salt form also depends on the degree of the pumped water.

· Team also visited their house. Its structure was made up of Nilgiri and bamboo and has been covered by the plastic packets.

· After visiting the salt farm, the team visited a factory which makes magnesium chloride fertilizer using the magnesia water.

· They collect the magnesia water from the different salt farm. Then the magnesia water is heated to raise the temperature in 3 different containers. Then it is crystalized to make fertilizer by sudden cooling roller.

· The team visited 3 different sites i.e Kharagoda, Salt farm, SETU Aarogya Kendra and Magnesium Chloride factory respectively. The team stayed for the rest at Gantar.

· Next day the team went to visit different farms in the Rann. The team observed the housing at different farms and made the following conclusions:

o They prepare the floor using the mud that is taken out from the well and then they coat the floor with the excrete of ass to provide the strength to the floor.

o They use traditional chulhas made up of mud. Also the use a thick wall covering around the chulha to protect them from fire hazards.

o They use metal hooks to hang the things inside the house.

o They made partitions in the house like different space for storage, kitchen and rooms.

o They use mud bricks to make the mud walls. Support beams are of Y structure to support the beam in a better manner.

o Some connections were inefficient that leads to a weak structure.

o They had shelves or stands to keep the things on it.

o They use wood pins to keep the cover tight.

o They had toilets outside the house but not a hygienic one.

· After that team visited the temple of Varchharaj Dada at Jhinjhwada. It was the place covered with greenery in that dry land of Kutch. The team observed the culture they have maintained because it is necessary to know their culture before finding solutions to the problem.

· Then the team went back to Kharaghoda. Stayed at the temple and had rest for some time.

· The team got divided into sub-teams and had the survey of the Agariya people living the Kharaghoda.

· The observations made from the survey can be summarised as follows:

o The salt farms are at a distance of 15-30 kilometers.

o They use Nilgiri, saag and babul wood to make the structure. One Column of Nilgiri wood cost approximately 60 rupees.

o They bought the plastic and jute bags to make the covering for the rooftop. One jute bag costs 15-20 rupees and the cost of a complete house varies from Rs.5000-9000.

o They use the machine which requires crude oil to operate. Cost of the one crude oil barrel of 200 Kg is approx. 13000. They use 10 such barrel for a season.

o Cost of personal transport is approx. 1000 in a month.

o They have schools in Rann for their children but the teachers do not come regularly to teach the children.

o They do not make the proper ventilation holes to restrict the dust to enter through the holes.

o They are unseasonal rains but they don’t have proper safety from unseasonal rains and sand storms.

o They generally don’t have a distribution of work among themselves.

o Most of the farmers move to Kutch along with their family.

o Some of them work as labor on the farm of others and get a wage of Rs 3000 per month.

Problems encountered:

· Housing

o They use wood of Nilgiri, Saag, Babul and Bamboo according to availability and the financial background of family.

o Poor structure is not stable during the sand storm and unseasonal rains.

o Their house can catch fire because they made the chulha inside the house and they don’t have any precautions for protection from fire.

o They don’t use ventilations because the dust can enter through the holes.

o According to them, they don’t feel any such heat problem. They are habitual to the conditions but still, they don’t have any cooling facility in their houses.

· Purified and cooled water

o They use to drink the water supplied by the government continuously for almost 15-20 days.

· Brine detection Machine

o Sometimes they fail to detect the correct location for the well to dig.

· Toilets problem

o They do not have toilet facilities. They use to go in open for

· Energy problem

o They use crude oil to operate the machines. One tank of crude oil costs Rs13000 and they use 10 such tanks every season. Although they have started using solar panels still it is a big issue because solar panel works in the day time only.

Research to be done:

· For the water purification, can we condense the water that evaporates from the salt pans? We would get distilled water but minerals can be easily added to the distilled water

· Mica is the crystal type of material. It is found in the mud during the digging of well. Can it be used to provide cooling inside the houses?

· Can Jhhipta be used to provide a cooling effect in the houses? As it can absorb water and may maintain the moisture in the environment inside the house?

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